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Advantages of Incineration as a Kind of Waste Management Incineration is the process of waste management which involves the combustion of organic waste. The process transforms waste to heat, ash and flue gas. The process has become one of the most used waste disposal mechanisms and has replaced waste disposal through landfills as landfills are becoming lesser and lesser each day. The heat generated from incineration can be harnessed to generate electricity by use of WtE-Waste-to-energy technologies. This process has become prevalent in most municipal waste management. There are many advantages which may be gotten out of incineration as a form of waste management compared to other waste management methods. Cheap Form of Waste Management Due to its less emission of gases, incineration plants can be situated near or in cities. In this case therefore, the price of having to transport the waste for many miles outside the town is eliminated. Waste control through landfills demands that the waste be transported to these sites and most of them are usually situated far off from the town which makes it rather pricey. However incineration cuts on these transportation costs and the money saved may be used to conduct other crucial projects.
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Efficiency
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Incineration can burn approximately 90% of the waste generated in a given area. This makes incineration the most reliable and benign form of waste management. Other waste management forms such as landfills facilitate only the decomposition of organic waste while it keeps nonorganic waste piling up. Requires Minimum Land Incineration plants occupy a tiny space. Incineration reduces the volume of first waste to nearly 10%. Incineration is particularly significant in urban cities in which there is scarcity of land. As opposed to landfills where people have to look for new zones every time one is full, incineration sites are built only ones and can be used over and over again. Generation of Electricity The heat produced during the incineration of waste can be harnessed through the use of waste-to-energy technologies to produce electricity. This energy can be used to accommodate to energy demands of the people living nearby. The energy produced is very clean and can be used to replace or reduce the use of fossil fuels thus saving on the emission of harmful gases to the environment. Not Affected by Weather Conditions Incinerators don’t have some positive weather conditions. They are made in a way they are operated in whatever climate conditions that may prevail instead of landfills which could be affected throughout the rainy season as the waste transportation vehicles might get stuck. No Pollution The gases generated through incineration aren’t poisonous to the environment. Additionally incineration does not contaminate groundwater as landfills do. In addition, it avoids environmental dangers which could be due to other waste management techniques such as deep sea dumping of waste that may destroy aqua life. Produces Odor Free Residue The bottom ash residue produced following incineration is proven to be non-hazardous and is odor free. The residue can be recycled and Used as a construction aggregate.